Browsing » November 2011

Why Are Markets So Volatile?

By Paul Ormerod Mainstream economic thinking has considerable difficulty in explaining the massive degree of volatility of financial markets over the past few months.  Both shares and bonds exhibit large fluctuations on an almost daily basis. The problem is particularly acute for the concept which is fundamental to a great deal of modern macroeconomics, based […]

Expansionary Fiscal Contraction

by Paul Ormerod To many people, this phrase is an oxymoron.  How can fiscal contraction be expansionary? But the evidence suggests that this is exactly what has been happening in the United States. In terms of national output, GDP, the trough of the trough of the recession was reached in the second quarter of 2009 […]